At the beginning of the twentieth century, Venezuela had one of the poorest economies in Latin America, but by 1970 it had become the richest country in the region and one of the twenty richest countries in the world, ahead of countries such as Greece, Israel, and Spain. Between 1978 and 2001, however, Venezuela's economy went sharply in reverse, with non-oil GDP declining by almost 19 percent and oil GDP by an astonishing 65 percent. What accounts for this drastic turnabout? The editors of Venezuela Before Ch vez, who each played a policymaking role in the country's economy during the past two decades, have brought together a group of economists and political scientists to examine systematically the impact of a wide range of factors affecting the economy's collapse, from the cost of labor regulation and the development of financial markets to the weakening of democratic governance and the politics of decisions about industrial policy.
Aside from the editors, the contributors are Omar Bello, Adriana Berm dez, Mat as Braun, Javier Corrales, Jonathan Di John, Rafael Di Tella, Javier Donna, Samuel Freije, Dan Levy, Robert MacCulloch, Osmel Manzano, Francisco Monaldi, Mar a Antonia Moreno, Daniel Ortega, Michael Penfold, Jos Pineda, Lant Pritchett, Cameron A. Shelton, and Dean Yang.
Publisher: Pennsylvania State University Press
Number of pages: 488
Weight: 680 g
Dimensions: 234 x 156 x 20 mm
"Venezuela Before Ch vez is not just a product of scrupulous academic research. It is also, as the authors understand--and as present circumstances in the country attest--a helpful and coherent guide for those who devise policies and make decisions in a country so reliant on oil."
--Michael Shifter, ReVista Magazine
"This objective and expert evaluation of the Venezuelan economy will become an indispensable reference for any future debates on the legacy of the Ch vez era."
--Mois s Na m, author of The End of Power
"This is a fine book on Venezuela and its economic and sociopolitical problems during the 20 years preceding the beginning, in 1999, of the Hugo Ch vez Fr as administration. . . . The story that unfolds in this excellent contribution to the literature is a good one, and the book is likely to become essential reading for understanding Venezuela's economic decline during the last two decades of the twentieth century."
--Brian McBeth, Hispanic American Historical Review