The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940 - Oxford Historical Monographs (Hardback)
  • The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940 - Oxford Historical Monographs (Hardback)
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The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940 - Oxford Historical Monographs (Hardback)

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£91.00
Hardback 266 Pages / Published: 20/02/2014
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As in Europe, secular nation building in Latin America challenged the traditional authority of the Roman Catholic Church in the early twentieth century. In response, Catholic social and political movements sought to contest state-led secularisation and provide an answer to the 'social question', the complex set of problems associated with urbanisation, industrialisation, and poverty. As Catholics mobilised against the secular threat, they also struggled with each other to define the proper role of the Church in the public sphere. This study utilizes recently opened files at the Vatican pertaining to Mexico's post-revolutionary Church-state conflict known as the Cristero Rebellion (1926-1929). However, looking beyond Mexico's exceptional case, the work employs a transnational framework, enabling a better understanding of the supranational relationship between Latin American Catholic activists and the Vatican. To capture this world historical context, Andes compares Mexico to Chile's own experience of religious conflict. Unlike past scholarship, which has focused almost exclusively on local conditions, Andes seeks to answer how diverse national visions of Catholicism responded to papal attempts to centralize its authority and universalize Church practices worldwide. The Politics of Transnational Catholicism applies research on the interwar papacy, which is almost exclusively European in outlook, to a Latin American context. The national cases presented illuminate how Catholicism shaped public life in Latin America as the Vatican sought to define Catholic participation in Mexican and Chilean national politics. It reveals that Catholic activism directly influenced the development of new political movements such as Christian Democracy, which remained central to political life in the region for the remainder of the twentieth century.

Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199688487
Number of pages: 266
Weight: 470 g
Dimensions: 223 x 145 x 23 mm


MEDIA REVIEWS
Stephen Andes's highly insightful book draws attention to the influence wielded outside Europe by an institution that has largely operated under the radar; it is an important addition to the growing body of archival-based work on the modern papacy. * Philip Chrimes, International Affairs *
Stephen Andes's excellent study of transnational Catholic politics in Mexico, Chile, and Rome connects two national histories to interwar Vatican diplomacy ... It gives real insights into how the Vatican centralized political dialogue with the Latin American states, recouping the political capital of social Catholicism and finessing the local contours of Church and state in the process. * Catholic Historical Review *

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