The Sacrament of Penance and Religious Life in Golden Age Spain (Paperback)Patrick J. O'Banion (author)
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The Sacrament of Penance and Religious Life in Golden Age Spain explores the practice of sacramental confession in Spain between roughly 1500 and 1700. One of the most significant points of contact between the laity and ecclesiastical hierarchy, confession lay at the heart of attempts to bring religious reformation to bear upon the lives of early modern Spaniards. Rigid episcopal legislation, royal decrees, and a barrage of prescriptive literature lead many scholars to construct the sacrament fundamentally as an instrument of social control foisted upon powerless laypeople. Drawing upon a wide range of early printed and archival materials, this book considers confession as both a top-down and a bottom-up phenomenon. Rather than relying solely upon prescriptive and didactic literature, it considers evidence that describes how the people of early modern Spain experienced confession, offering a rich portrayal of a critical and remarkably popular component of early modern religiosity.
Publisher: Pennsylvania State University Press
Number of pages: 248
Weight: 476 g
Dimensions: 229 x 152 x 18 mm
-Erin Rowe, University of Virginia
"Safeguarded by a seal of silence, the sacrament of penance will always maintain its secrets. Patrick O'Banion's thoughtful and readable study, however, provides numerous insights into this practice and its uses by lay Catholics in early modern Spain. His careful reading of a wide variety of sources, notably Inquisition records, reveals the manifold ways in which Spaniards embraced the sacrament but also navigated their way through a complex, dynamic, and surprisingly flexible confessional culture. This impressive book will be of great interest to scholars of religious change, state building, and the construction of individual and collective identities in the early modern Catholic world."
-Jodi Bilinkoff, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
"O'Banion's thoughtful study is on balance a skillfully executed and welcome addition to the growing literature on religious practice in early modern Spain."
-David Coleman, American Historical Review
"[The Sacrament of Penance and Religious Life in Golden Age Spain] highlights the variegated nature of confessional practice in early modern Spain and comprises a very useful corrective to earlier scholarly emphases on confession as a clergy-led tool of social regulation. The messier reality exemplified in this fine study of early modern Spanish penitential practice tells a far more complex story."
-Salvador Ryan, Sixteenth Century Journal
"The fourteenth-century Bohemian priest John of Nepomuk was allegedly martyred for his refusal to break the seal of the confessional. Even today U.S. law recognizes the right of a priest to withhold evidence confided to him in the sacrament of confession. How then is it possible for historians to reconstruct the experience of sacramental confession for early modern Spaniards? Patrick J. O'Banion draws on manuals for confessors and penitents, synodal statutes, and Inquisition records to give a glimpse of confession's function and practice in The Sacrament of Penance and Religious Life in Golden Age Spain. . . . O'Banion has succeeded in explicating a vital part of religious life in early modern Spain."
-Amy Nelson Burnett, Church History
"Confronting the problem of gaining access to the secrets passed between priest and penitent, Patrick O'Banion turns first to the treatises and manuals produced by theologians and practitioner clerics. We know from ample study in recent decades that proscriptive texts have much to tell us about the thought worlds of clerics. They also illustrate those clerics' beliefs about what constituted proper thought and action on the part of penitents. O'Banion goes beyond a textbook review of the how-to books by taking a special interest in what they reveal about power relations between confessors and penitents. From text to text, for example, what writers considered normative shows considerable variety. In this finding is revealed a core two-part truth: 'penitents did not necessarily have the same objectives as the church' and, thus, 'local confessors were forced to mediate between institution and individual.' Much about the sacrament was negotiable."
-Michael Vargas, Bulletin of Spanish Studies