During the mid-eighteenth century, colonists constructed a line of forts along the northwest boundary of Massachusetts as a defense against the French and their Indian allies. Many of these "forts" were simply reinforced houses. Of the three major forts in the line, one, Fort Massachusetts, is now buried beneath a parking lot in North Adams. Of the two remaining forts, Fort Shirley in the town of Heath was excavated by Michael D. Coe of Yale University; the other, Fort Pelham in Rowe, was excavated by Daniel Ingersoll of the University of Massachusetts. To the casual observer, the sites might not seem significant--but as Coe argues, two circumstances make these forts more important to the study of eighteenth-century life in the American colonies than their modest size would indicate. First, their period of occupation was extremely short: they were built in 1744, abandoned in 1754, and never used again. Thus, they give a unique snapshot of the material culture of the time. Second, the Line of Forts is abundantly documented.
The Williams family of western Massachusetts (chief among the"River Gods," the group of elite families who people Coe's story) controlled most of the colony from the Connecticut River valley west to the New York line. The Williamses were the forts' leading officers and ran their commissaries. This powerful family left voluminous documents that provide a unique window into daily life on the Massachusetts frontier and help interpret what was found in the remains of the forts. From Williams family archives and artifacts from Fort Shirley and Fort Pelham, Coe weaves a rich drama. His tale comprises the final standoff between New England's English settlers and Native Americans, the ideological conflict between Calvinistic Protestantism and Roman Catholicism, the occasional frictions between colonial militia and the British regular army, and the larger struggle between England and France for North America.
Publisher: University Press of New England
Number of pages: 248
Weight: 490 g
Dimensions: 254 x 178 x 14 mm
"Not only does Coe present in detail the excavations and artifacts of Shirley and Pelham, but he uses the extensive historic documents available in discussing the construction, garrisoning, and daily life at these military installations. He also places the line of forts within the context of the French and Indian War. The appendixes include the analysis of the faunal collection from Pelham, the paleobotanical remains from both forts, biographical sketches of 66 soldiers stationed at the forts, and the journal of John Hawks, one of the soldiers. This well-illustrated book is a must for those interested in border defense during the French and Indian War. Summing Up: Essential."--Choice
"Two and one-half centuries pass, and the archaeologist's trowel uncovers in the debris of those colonial outposts, offering glimpses of what life was like on the frontier: musket balls, broken utensils, fragments of pottery; fish hooks and bits of animal bones. This is the fascination of archaeology. So much has been lost, but so much has been preserved."--Milford (NH) Cabinet
"Michael Coe has done a superb job blending primary sources with his archaelogical findings. It is amazing how one summer's dig some 32 years ago became the catalyst for so much historical research and interpretation, culminating in this attractive volume." --Historical Archaeology
"A must for those interested in border defense during the French and Indian War."--CHOICE