For countless millenia humans extended their domain around the world, gradually using more of nature's resources. High death rates from famine, disease, and other perils restricted population growth. Since 1800, innovations in science, energy, medicine, transportation, communication, farm and factory production, marketing beliefs, customs, and social relationships have drastically altered both natural and cultural environments. Globally, death rates have fallen dramatically without equivalent reductions in birth rates while per-capita consumption of many natural resources has increased.
Publisher: University Press of America