In the decades before the Civil War, Charleston, South Carolina, enjoyed recognition as the center of scientific activity in the South. By 1850, only three other cities in the United States--Philadelphia, Boston, and New York--exceeded Charleston in natural history studies, and the city boasted an excellent museum of natural history. Examining the scientific activities and contributions of John Bachman, Edmund Ravenel, John Edwards Holbrook, Lewis R. Gibbes, Francis S. Holmes, and John McCrady, Lester Stephens uncovers the important achievements of Charleston's circle of naturalists in a region that has conventionally been dismissed as largely devoid of scientific interests. Stephens devotes particular attention to the special problems faced by the Charleston naturalists and to the ways in which their religious and racial beliefs interacted with and shaped their scientific pursuits. In the end, he shows, cultural commitments proved stronger than scientific principles. When the South seceded from the Union in 1861, the members of the Charleston circle placed regional patriotism above science and union and supported the Confederate cause. The ensuing war had a devastating impact on the Charleston naturalists--and on science in the South. The Charleston circle never fully recovered from the blow, and a century would elapse before the South took an equal role in the pursuit of mainstream scientific research. |Reestablishes the importance of Charleston, S.C., as an important center of scientific activity during the decades before and after the Civil War.
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
Number of pages: 360
Weight: 635 g
Dimensions: 235 x 156 x 29 mm
Edition: New edition
"A rich account of how natural history was actually produced, particularly in the antebellum era.
"Journal of Southern History""
This book should become a standard reference for its biographical and technical details on these naturalists.
"North Carolina Historical Review"
It is crystal clear from [this] careful exposition that science has always been about more than disclosing the facts of nature.
"Books & Culture"
Stephens's wide-ranging research and talents as a sympathetic biographer cast welcome light on the importance of this group.
"American Historical Review"
A rich account of how natural history was actually produced, particularly in the antebellum era.
"Journal of Southern History"
It is crystal clear from Ythis careful exposition that science has always been about more than disclosing the facts of nature.
"Books & Culture"