Reparation and Reconciliation: The Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education, 1865-1915 (Paperback)
  • Reparation and Reconciliation: The Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education, 1865-1915 (Paperback)

Reparation and Reconciliation: The Rise and Fall of Integrated Higher Education, 1865-1915 (Paperback)

Paperback 288 Pages / Published: 30/09/2016
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Reparation and Reconciliation is the first book to reveal thenineteenth-century struggle for racial integration on U.S. collegecampuses. As the Civil War ended, the need to heal the scars of slavery,expand the middle class, and reunite the nation engendered a dramaticinterest in higher education by policy makers, voluntary associations, andAfrican Americans more broadly. Formed in 1846 by Protestant abolitionists,the American Missionary Association united a network of colleges opento all, designed especially to educate African American and white studentstogether, both male and female. The AMA and its affiliates envisioned integratedcampuses as a training ground to produce a new leadership class for aracially integrated democracy. Case studies at three colleges-Berea College,Oberlin College, and Howard University-reveal the strategies administratorsused and the challenges they faced as higher education quickly developedas a competitive social field.

Through a detailed analysis of archival and press data, Christi M. Smithdemonstrates that pressures between organisations-including charities andfoundations-and the emergent field of competitive higher education led tothe differentiation and exclusion of African Americans, Appalachian whites,and white women from coeducational higher education and illuminates theactors and the strategies that led to the persistent salience of race over othersocial boundaries.

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781469630694
Number of pages: 288
Weight: 517 g
Dimensions: 229 x 152 x 19 mm

Adds to our understanding of resistance to egalitarian ideas of society.--North Carolina Historical Review

Smith presents a logically organized and well-supported narrative of interracial education attempted and abandoned. She makes several important historiographical contributions. First, she adds to the woefully small literature on higher education for blacks in the nineteenth century. Second, she highlights a little-recognized aspect of postbellum educational growth: universities and industrial schools emerged, in part, out of the market-driven rejection of anti-caste universalism. More broadly, her emphasis on the consequences of government's absence in higher education balances a recent trend in scholarship toward analysis of its presence.--The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society

Reparation and Reconciliation is an excellent work. It demonstrates the role of organizations in producing racial difference. It calls into question the inevitability of a higher education system organized by race (black or white colleges) and gender (men's or women's colleges). . . . As colleges and universities continue to struggle to foster meaningful representation of black students on campus and to support cross-racial interaction, this book is both timely and necessary.--Contemporary Sociology

Speaks to the trials and tribulations, the victories and setbacks, and the immediate and long-term strategies of schools committed to creating an inclusive learning environment between Reconstruction and the early Progressive Era.--The Journal of Southern History

[A] compelling account of the rise and fall of racially integrated education in the decades following the Civil War and the first decade of the twentieth century.--Journal of American History

Offers a fresh approach to the study of integration in higher education . . . [and] highlights the role of individual colleges and universities in shaping the racial project of school integration, positioning organizations as mesolevel bridges to macrolevel structural processes of racial formation and microlevel processes of racial identity construction...Smith also places organizations front and center as significant sites of racial construction--something we need much more of in race scholarship.--American Journal of Sociology

Offers readers a new understanding of the possibilities and limits of Reconstruction through the lens of integrated higher education . . . . A book worthy of careful study.--American Historical Review

Offers an excellent demonstration of some of the earliest efforts to use institutions of higher education to heal the deep wounds of race and slavery in the United States.--Journal of African American History

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