The concept of `radicalization' is now used to account for all forms of violent and non-violent political Islam. Used widely within the security services and picked up by academia, the term was initially coined by the General Intelligence and Security Service of the Netherlands (AIVD) after the 9/11 and Pentagon attacks, an origin that is rarely recognised.
This book comprises contributions from leading scholars in the field of critical security studies to trace the introduction, adoption and dissemination of `radicalization' as a concept. It is the first book to offer a critical analysis and history of the term as an `empty signifier', that is, a word that might not necessarily refer to something existing in the real world. The diverse contributions consider how the term has circulated since its emergence in the Netherlands and Belgium, its appearance in academia, its existence among the people categorized as `radicals' and its impact on relationships of trust between public officials and their clients. Building on the traditions of critical security studies and critical studies on terrorism, the book reaffirms the importance of a reflective approach to counter-radicalization discourse and policies. It will be essential reading for scholars of security studies, political anthropology, the study of Islam in the west and European studies.
Publisher: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd.
Number of pages: 344
Weight: 640 g
Dimensions: 234 x 156 mm
"This tightly organized and superbly edited volume on radicalization reveals the development, application, and effects of the term's post 9/11 adoption in the Netherlands (its point of origin) and Belgium. The book offers a compelling analysis of a key political term for our times, one with broad applicability and implication well beyond Northern Europe. An exemplary analysis for anyone interested in critical security studies, contemporary political and critical theory, and European studies." -- David Theo Goldberg, Director and Distinguished Professor, University of California
"A superb collection of critical scholarship that powerfully locates the origins of today's 'age of radicalisation' in discursive shifts in the Netherlands and Belgium over the last twenty years." -- Arun Kundnani, Visiting Assistant Professor, New York University -- Steinhardt
"In a world increasingly defined, and divided, by a naive and interested opposition between `democratic citizens' and `radical terrorists,' this collection interrogates the assumptions that sustain this opposition while providing concrete insight into the histories and politics of de/radicalization in the Netherlands and Belgium. It will be an essential point of departure for scholars and policymakers in the field for years to come." -- Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Professor, Northwestern University