This volume, an amazing act of historical recovery and reconstruction, offers a comprehensive examination of Jewish women in Europe during the High Middle Ages (1000-1300). Avraham Grossman covers multiple aspects of women's lives in medieval Jewish society, including the image of woman, the structure of the family unit, age at marriage, position in family and society, her place in economic and religious life, her education, her role in family ceremonies, violence against women, and the position of the divorcee and the widow in society.
Grossman shows that the High Middle Ages saw a distinct improvement in the status of Jewish women in Europe relative to their status during the Talmudic period and in Muslim countries. If, during the twelfth century, rabbis applauded women as"pious and pure" because of their major role in the martyrdom of the Crusades of 1096, then by the end of the thirteenth century, rabbis complained that women were becoming bold and rebellious. Two main factors fostered this change: first, the transformation of Jewish society from agrarian to "bourgeois," with women performing an increasingly important function in the family economy; and second, the openness toward women in Christian Europe, where women were not subjected to strict limitations based upon conceptions of modesty, as was the case in Muslim countries. The heart of Grossman's book concerns the improvement of Jewish women's lot, and the efforts of secular and religious authorities to impede their new-found status.
Bringing together a variety of sources including halakhic literature, biblical and talmudic exegesis, ethical literature and philosophy, love songs, folklore and popular literature, gravestones, and drawings, Grossman's book reconstructs the hitherto unrecorded lives of Jewish women during the Middle Ages.
Publisher: University Press of New England
Number of pages: 351
Weight: 517 g
Dimensions: 235 x 152 x 22 mm
Avraham Grossman is an erudite and intellectually honest scholar who is helping to draw a true picture of Jewish women's lives. Jewish Book World"
It was long accepted that Jewish women in medieval times held little power and no leadership roles; there are few manuscripts or print sources describing their lives and no known works written by women, except for a handful of poems. That's why Avraham Grossman's Pious and Rebellious is so welcome. Hadassah Magazine"
..[S]uch facets of the subject as the Jewish philosophy of women, marriage and family, economic status, culture and education, and role in religious life receive extended development. ... Highly Recommended. Choice"
These studies are thoroughly absorbing in every detail, and give an important voice to women whose voices have become almost completely muted over time, even though in their own age they were heard louder and clearer than ever before. The Forward"