Ever since they became conscious of their relative decline, the societies of the Middle East, and other Islamic countries more generally, have turned to Islam as an antidote to humiliation and decadence. This book examines the political environments, lives and works of those diverse nineteenth and twentieth century Muslim thinkers who believed that Islam was capable of providing practical solutions to the problems of the modern world.
The volume provides a balanced account of their contribution to contemporary revolutionary Islam and to political developments in countries from Morocco to Indonesia. The writings and political activity of al-Afghani, Muhammad Abduh, Ayatollah Khomeini, Sayyid Abu'l-A'la Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati and Muhammad Baqr al-Sadr are considered, explaining the roots of movements as diverse as the Muslim Brotherhood, the Jama'at-i Islami, the radical Iranian clergy and the militant Shi'i of Lebanon.
The book provides an ideal introduction to the complexity and variety of Islamic revival, revealing the motivations of the thinkers who have reshaped the political vocabulary of Islam.
Ali Rahnema's major new introductory chapter puts these still hugely influential Muslim thinkers and the movements they inspired in the context of the extraordinarily changed circumstances confronting Islamic countries both internally and internationally since 9/11. He explores the dangers of any Western-Islamic standoff in a situation where both Muslim terrorists and certain chauvinist Christian elements are misusing the religions they ostensibly espouse. It becomes all the more important for Muslims and non-Muslims to understand the real thinking that has long gone in influential Islamic circles. This book intends to make a contribution in this regard.
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd
Number of pages: 368
Weight: 549 g
Dimensions: 222 x 143 x 143 mm
Edition: 2nd edition
'This is a judicious and well-conceived collection of studies by experts on prominent figures in the modern Islamic political revival... Anyone concerned with the politics of the modern Islamic world will find it useful to have this detailed Who's Who within reach.'
Middle East Studies Association (MESA) Bulletin
'Well written articles on nine of the best known Islamic ideologues of the past century, the majority authored by a scholar who has published major work on the figure or his movement... The articles are appropriate to undergraduates and the book could well serve to structure an introductory course in modern Islamic thought'.
Religious Studies Review
'The scholarly profiles in Pioneers of Islamic Revival give readers an opportunity to judge for themselves where the truth lies.'
Third World Resources
'This is an excellent anthology about nine of the most influential thinkers of the past century who have contributed significantly to the shape of popular Islamic thought.'
American Sufi Muslim Association (ASMA)
'The new edition of this book is welcome. Its essays dissect the contrasting approaches of eight of the most significant figures to develop political Islam.'
Chris Harman, International Socialism