Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism (Hardback)
  • Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism (Hardback)
zoom

Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism (Hardback)

(author)
£68.00
Hardback 336 Pages / Published: 23/08/2012
  • We can order this

Usually dispatched within 3 weeks

  • This item has been added to your basket
R.M. Hare was one of the most important ethical theorists of the 20th century, and one of his graduate students, Peter Singer, became famous for his writings on animals and personhood. Singer now says that he endorses Hare's "two-level utilitarianism," and he has invoked the theory's distinction between "critical thinking" and thinking in terms of "intuitive level rules" in response to certain objections to his conclusions on several issues. Hare, however, never published a systematic treatment of how his theory applies to issues in animal ethics, and he avoided the concept of "personhood." Gary Varner here fills this gap by defending the moral legitimacy of distinguishing among "persons," "near-persons," and "the merely sentient" within Harean two-level utilitarianism. He explores the implications of this distinction by applying the resulting ethical system to our treatment of animals, and shows how the results contrast with the more abolitionist conclusions reached by Singer on the same issues. In the process, he presents a new philosophical defense of two-level utilitarianism and its metaethical foundation (universal prescriptivism), and he significantly expands Hare's account of how "intuitive level rules" function in moral thinking, based on recent empirical research. The book also draws heavily on empirical research on consciousness and cognition in non-human animals as a way of approaching the question of which animals, if any, are "persons," or at least "near-persons. Philosophers, including those interested in utilitarianism in general or Hare in particular, as well as others interested in animal ethics or the debate over personhood, will find Varner's argument of great interest. "Professor Varner's earlier work, In Nature's Interests, is a very fine book. It has achieved a high level of respect from those working in the field, and is often seen as having set a new standard of debate in environmental ethics. That means that a new book by Professor Varner will be received with considerable interest. Varner draws on extensive recent empirical research regarding the degree to which animals are self-conscious and uses this information as the basis for the most serious discussion I have yet seen of whether any nonhuman animals can be considered 'persons'. There is, to my knowledge, no other book that goes into these issues anywhere near as deeply, in the context of assessing their significance for the normative issues of the wrongness of taking life, or other issues relating to ethical decision-making regarding our treatment of animals and some humans. I have no doubt that this book will, like In Nature's Interests, be seen as making an important contribution to the topics it covers." - Peter Singer, University Center for Human Values, Princeton University

Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
ISBN: 9780199758784
Number of pages: 336
Weight: 574 g
Dimensions: 239 x 172 x 28 mm


MEDIA REVIEWS
[An] excellent example from the bourgeoning field of the philosophy of animal minds. [It] should be essential reading for those working to develop a greater understanding of animals, mind, and ethics. * Kristin Andrews, Mind *
Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition is thus both a valuable piece of scholarship and an engaging discussion of timely ethical issues. * Journal of Moral Philosophy *
Considering how important Varner's book is to current debatesan animal ethics and welfare, I hope its publication leads to an increase in the number of studies focussed on autonoetic consciousness and the start of the search for biographical conciousness in animals. Certainly this book is likely to frame both the science of animal welfare and debate on animal ethics for some time to come. In fact, it may well turn out to be one of the seminal works on animal ethics of the 21st century. * A. Taylor, Animal Welfare *
This book is an important, complex contribution to the continuing debate about the moral status of animals ... Recommended. * W.Ouderkirk, CHOICE *
This is an important addition to the literature on nonhuman animal welfare and rights with some potential implications for environmental ethics left us with this excellent and original contribution to the debate about animal welfareor, at least, vertebrate welfare. * Tal Scriven, Between the Species *
This book is worth reading for the numerous interesting philosophical contributions it makes to the literatures on animal ethics, personhood, and utilitarianism in general. * Justin Moss, Ehtics, Policy & Environment *
In Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition, Gary Varner weaves metaethics and ethical theory (part one) with applied ethics and animal science (part two) to yield a rich and insightful discussion of the norms that should guide our treatment of animals ... Varners book is essential reading for those interested in understanding the ethics of human-animal relationships and the underlying issues of moral status. * Robert Streiffer, Environmental Ethics *

You may also be interested in...

Meditations
Added to basket
£7.99   £5.99
Paperback
The Daily Stoic
Added to basket
£9.99   £7.99
Paperback
A Little History of Philosophy
Added to basket
£9.99   £7.99
Paperback
Poverty Safari
Added to basket
£7.99   £6.99
Paperback
The Art of Logic
Added to basket
£14.99
Hardback
Meditations
Added to basket
£4.99
Paperback
Utopia for Realists
Added to basket
£8.99   £7.99
Paperback
The Order of Time
Added to basket
£12.99
Hardback
The Tipping Point
Added to basket
£9.99   £7.99
Paperback
Why Marx Was Right
Added to basket
The Little Book of Ikigai
Added to basket
Ikigai
Added to basket
£12.99   £9.99
Hardback
So You've Been Publicly Shamed
Added to basket
£8.99   £6.99
Paperback
The Road Less Travelled
Added to basket
The Myth of Sisyphus
Added to basket
The Lies That Bind
Added to basket

Reviews

Please sign in to write a review

Your review has been submitted successfully.