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Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe (Hardback)
  • Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe (Hardback)
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Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe (Hardback)

(author)
£19.00
Hardback 304 Pages / Published: 18/04/2017
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Over the past thirty years, the world's patent systems have experienced civil society pressure like never before. From farmers to patient advocates, new voices are arguing that patents impact public health, economic inequality, morality even democracy. These challenges, to domains that we usually consider technical and legal, seem odd. But in Patent Politics, Shobita Parthasarathy argues that patent systems have always been deeply political and social. To demonstrate this, Parthasarathy takes readers through a particularly fierce and prolonged set of controversies over patents on life forms linked to important advances in biology and agriculture as well as potentially life-saving medicines. Contrasting battles over patents on animals, human embryonic stem cells, human genes, and plants in the United States and Europe, she shows how political culture, ideology, and history shape patent system politics. Clashes over whose voices and what values matter in the patent system, as well as what counts as knowledge and whose expertise is important, look quite different in these two places. And through these debates, the United States and Europe are developing very different approaches to patent and innovation governance. Not just the first comprehensive look at the controversies swirling around biotechnology patents, Patent Politics is also the first in-depth analysis of the political underpinnings and implications of modern patent systems, and provides a timely analysis of how we can reform these systems around the world to maximize the public interest.

Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226437859
Number of pages: 304
Weight: 562 g
Dimensions: 229 x 153 x 28 mm


MEDIA REVIEWS
"The ability to present certain outcomes, relationships, processes, or arrangements as neutral, technical, universal, or inevitable manifests and maintains power in society. In opening the black box of science and patent politics, Parthasarathy does more than just highlight differences between two significant and seemingly similar regions of economic and political power in the world today. In showing that things are different between these two places, Parthasarathy shows that things do not have to be the way they are anywhere today. . . . Patent Politics clearly shows how representing science, technology, and law as apolitical is deeply political. As such, patent politics are everybody's business to engage with and to decide upon."--American Journal of Sociology
"Parthasarathy's comparative approach to looking at the United States and Europe is intriguing and makes a significant contribution to the current state of the art--showing how differences in legal, cultural, and political traditions pertain to policies in respect to the life sciences. She not only provides a detailed account of the controversies surrounding life form patenting, but also vividly shows how the troubled legal regime of intellectual property results from negotiation with a whole set of actors, networks, and texts that are seen as external to the law. Patent Politics is an important, timely, and impressive contribution to the field."--Eva Hemmungs Wirt n, Link ping University
"Parthasarathy's Patent Politics intervenes powerfully in broad debates about science, politics, and intellectual property in order to broaden the imaginary socio-technical horizon in the field of biomedicine. Patent Politics identifies the patent system as a key nexus through which the various scientific, social, political, economic, and ethical factors come together to forge a particular biotechnological form of life in the age of biocapitalism."--Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci

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