Modern slavery is a brutal form of organised crime in which people are treated as commodities and exploited for criminal gain. The true extent of modern slavery in the United Kingdom, and indeed globally, is unknown. Modern slavery, in particular human trafficking, is an international problem. Modern slavery takes a number of forms, including sexual exploitation, forced labour and domestic servitude, and victims are often unwilling to come forward to law enforcement or public protection agencies. The Bill is in five parts. Part 1 consolidates the current offences of slavery and human trafficking whilst increasing the maximum penalty for such offences. Part 2 provides for two new civil preventative orders, the Slavery and Trafficking Prevention Order and the Slavery and Trafficking Risk Order. Part 3 establishes the office of Anti-slavery Commissioner and sets out the functions of the Commissioner. Part 4 introduces a number of measures focussed on supporting and protecting victims, including a statutory defence for slavery or trafficking victims and special measures for witnesses in criminal proceedings.
Part 5 relates to general matters such as consequential provision and commencement.