Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems - Oxford Series on Cognitive Models and Architectures (Hardback)Wayne D. Gray (editor)
Hardback 544 Pages / Published: 03/05/2007
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The field of cognitive modelling has progressed beyond modelling cognition in the context of simple laboratory tasks and begun to attack the problem of modelling cognition in more complex, realistic environments, such as those studied by researchers in the field of human-factors. The problems that the human-factors community is tackling focus on modelling certain problems of communication and control that arise in the integration of implicit and explicit knowledge, emotion, and cognition, and the cognitive system with the external environment. These problems must be addressed in order to produce integrated cognitive models of moderately complex tasks. Architectures of cognition in these tasks focus on the control of a central system, which includes control of the central processor itself, initiation of functional processes, such as visual search and memory retrieval, and harvesting the results of functional processes. Because the control of the central system is conceptually different from the internal control required by individual functional processes, a complete architecture of cognition must incorporate two types of theories of control: type 1 theories of the structure, functionality, and operation of the controller, and type 2 theories of the internal control of functional processes, how, and what they communicate to the controller. This volume presents, for both types of theories, the current state of the art, as well as contrasts among current approaches to human-performance models.
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Number of pages: 544
Weight: 1010 g
Dimensions: 260 x 186 x 25 mm
"At a time when neuroscience attempts to localize cognitive processes inside the head, cognitive science finally looks outside the mind for an integrated view of cognition. The essays in this significant and fascinating book focus on the computational modeling of the interaction between mind and environment. A stimulating, comprehensive set of readings composed by excellent researchers." --Gerd Gigerenzer, Director, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin
"This volume provides insight into the current and enduring tensions among the research communities attempting to understand human performance and the cognitive functions underlying it . . ." --Susan F. Chipman, Manager, Cognitive Science Program at the U.S. Office of Naval Research
"This book reveals the great progress being made in the field of cognitive science . . . The current volume brings together the best and brightest of mathematical modelers with those computational cognitive modelers whose focus is on integrated cognitive systems; the results show the state of the art, and point the way toward exciting future progress." --Richard M. Shiffrin, Luther Dana Waterman Professor of Psychology, Indiana University
"A must-read for students of the human mind. A whos who in cognitive science describes the systems approach to understanding for practitioners not just of psychology but of computer science, artificial intelligence, and neural science." --John Tangney
." . . [Gray] has provided a valuable framework in which models can be accommodated and integrated with a diversity ranging from those of the unmanned air vehicle operator or highway driver to those addressing the millisecond timing of attention switching. . . . The volume also does an admirable job in bringing applied researchers together with those interested in more basic cognitive phenomena, in a way that equally serves the interests of applications, and of advancing the fundamental theory of how the brain performs operations of perception, problem solving, action selection and task management." --Christopher D. Wickens, Senior Scientist, Alion Science and Technology MA&D Operation
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