In the late 1970s and early 1980s, our nation began to grapple with the legacy of past disposal practices for toxic chemicals. With the passage in 1980 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), commonly known as Superfund, it became the law of the land to remediate these sites. The U. S. Department of Defense (DoD), the nation's largest industrial organization, also recognized that it too had a legacy of contaminated sites. Historic operations at Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps facilities, ranges, manufacturing sites, shipyards, and depots had resulted in widespread contamination of soil, groundwater, and sediment. While Superfund began in 1980 to focus on remediation of heavily contaminated sites largely abandoned or neglected by the private sector, the DoD had already initiated its Installation Restoration Program in the mid 1970s. In 1984, the DoD began the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) for contaminated site assessment and remediation. Two years later, the U. S. Congress codified the DERP and directed the Secretary of Defense to carry out a concurrent program of research, development, and demonstration of innovative remediation technologies. As chronicled in the 1994 National Research Council report, "Ranking Hazardous-Waste Sites for Remedial Action", our early estimates on the cost and suitability of existing technologies for cleaning up contaminated sites were wildly optimistic. Original estimates, in 1980, projected an average Superfund cleanup cost of a mere $3.
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Number of pages: 248
Weight: 658 g
Dimensions: 260 x 193 x 16 mm
Edition: 1st ed. Softcover of orig. ed. 2009
From the reviews:
"In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater ... provides an excellent overview and copious field-based detail regarding the advantages and limitations of perchlorate bioremediation. ... Overall, I found In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater to be very readable, thoughtfully organized, and brimming with highly applicable information and case studies." (Michael D. Taraszki, Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, Vol. XV (4), November, 2009)