In the decade after 1945, as the Cold War freeze set in, a new Europe slowly began to emerge from the ruins of the Second World War, based on a broad rejection of the fascist past that had so scarred the continent's recent history. In the East, this new consensus was enforced by Soviet-imposed Communist regimes. In the West, the process was less coercive, amounting more to a consensus of silence. On both sides, much was deliberately forgotten or obscured.
The years which followed were in many ways golden years for western Europe. Democracy became embedded in Germany, and eventually triumphed over dictatorship in Spain, Portugal, and Greece. Britain and France faced up to the necessity of decolonization. The European Economic Community was founded and went from strength to strength, as the economies of western Europe bounced back from the devastation of the war. The countries of the East lagged far behind and seemed caught in a perpetual game of
catch-up, but even there conditions had improved since the end of the war, albeit at a much slower rate. Above all, throughout this period the European world continued to be sustained by the broad anti-fascist consensus that had emerged in the years after 1945.
However, as Dan Stone shows in this new history of the continent since the war, this fundamental consensus began to break down in the wake of the oil shocks of the 1970s, a process which has rapidly accelerated since the end of the Cold War. Globalization, deregulation, and the erosion of social-democratic welfare capitalism in the West, and the collapse of the purported Communist alternative in the East, have all fatally undermined the post-war anti-fascist value system that predominated
across Europe in the first four decades after the end of the Second World War.
Ominously, this has been accompanied by a rise in right-wing populism and a widespread revision of the anti-fascist narrative on which this value system was based. The danger of this shift is now evident: financial and social crisis, an increasing inability on the part of European populations to resist historical myth-making, and the re-emergence of fascist ideas. The result, as Dan Stone warns, is socially divisive, politically dangerous, and a genuine threat to the future of a civilized
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Number of pages: 408
Weight: 748 g
Dimensions: 240 x 161 x 37 mm
A valuable contribution to the historiography of the post-war period. * H-Net *
... the book's innovative take on the postwar period ... is thus a worthy companion to Tony Judt's magisterial Postwar (2005). Stone's emphasis on the centrality of memory politics presents a new way of thinking about the connections between disparate phenomena, along with a new set of tools for explaining Europe's troubled present * Central European History *
Dan Stone has written the first serious history since Tony Judt of the continent after 1945 * Robert Gerwarth, Irish Times *
Dan Stone,[is] one of the finest historians of Europe working in Britain today * Arne Westad, BBC History Magazine *
...have no fear. Dan Stone is far too fine a historian to see the past as unlinear and neatly packaged. * Arne Westad, BBC History Magazine *
... a good historian must, on the basis of detailed knowledge and sound judgement, define and present the important issues, leaving "a lot of things" aside. The past six decades of Europe's history, full of complexities and transformations, imperatively need this sort of treatment, and they get it in Dan Stone's illuminating and stimulating book ... One of the book's admirable features is Stone's ability to devote serious attention, decade by decade, to both Eastern
and Western Europe. * Times Higher Education *
A well-researched and academic volume. * Birmingham Jewish Recorder *
Compellingly written. * Internationale Spectator *
absorbing and provocative * John Connelly, American Historical Review *
this is a provocative, well-argued, and very readable synthesis that surely will inspire more debate on how to make sense of the second half of Europes twentieth century. * Frank Biess, European History Quarterly *