What we now know of as environmentalism began with the establishment of the first empire forest in 1855 in British India, and during the second half of the nineteenth century, over ten per cent of the land surface of the earth became protected as a public trust. Sprawling forest reservations, many of them larger than modern nations, became revenue-producing forests that protected the whole 'household of nature', and Rudyard Kipling and Theodore Roosevelt were among those who celebrated a new class of government foresters as public heroes. Imperial foresters warned of impending catastrophe, desertification and global climate change if the reverse process of deforestation continued. The empire forestry movement spread through India, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and then the United States to other parts of the globe, and Gregory Barton's study looks at the origins of environmentalism in a global perspective.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Number of pages: 210
Weight: 480 g
Dimensions: 229 x 152 x 16 mm
'The central thesis of this challenging book is that imperialism and environmentalism have a shared past that many scholars, especially those on the political left, wish to deny ... I have much sympathy with this brave ... deconstruction of the sources of practical environmentalism.' Philip Stott, History Today
'This book is well researched, easy to read, extremely good value and, for landscape historians interested in the interaction of human agency and environmental history it provides a succession of interesting case studies grounded in the landscape of the New Orleans river front.' Landscape History
"IEmpire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism is full of fascinating, well-developed information..." Canadian Society of Environmental Biologists