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Divided Arsenal: Race and the American State during World War II (Paperback)
  • Divided Arsenal: Race and the American State during World War II (Paperback)
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Divided Arsenal: Race and the American State during World War II (Paperback)

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£21.99
Paperback 318 Pages / Published: 29/01/2001
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Divided Arsenal compares the causes and effects of federal race policy during World War II in factories, the Army, and agriculture. While scholars such as Gunner Mydrdal have suggested that wars promote the salience of the nation's founding democratic and egalitarian ideals, two imperatives - the mobilization of industrial production and the maintenance of the New Deal Coalition - outweigh the goals of interracial reform. The history of industrial employment policies confirms the role of party and war-fighting concerns in the creation of the Fair Employment Practices Committee and the committee's investigative casework. While military racial policies were initially repressive, by spurring black soldier resistance they paradoxically facilitated steps toward desegregation by transforming the executive's calculation of military efficiency. Important similarities in the timing and quality of reform in the three fields indicate that war-fighting concerns affected policy outcomes despite variations in African-American political and economic opportunities in various sectors and sections.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521004589
Number of pages: 318
Weight: 440 g
Dimensions: 228 x 151 x 19 mm


MEDIA REVIEWS
'Given the tremendous impact that the war had upon race relations in the USA, and the relative lack of studies on the subject, Divided Arsenal is a much-needed contribution to the field.' Journal of Contemporary History
"Kryder powerfully bursts through the analytic barriers between international and domestic politics, shattering the myth of FDR's wartime racial reforms. Skillfully revisiting the past, this insightful work lays bare the strategic but evasive efforts to contain a second front at home. War is hell for social policy." Anthony W. Marx, Columbia University
"Kryder does an excellent job of examining causes and effects of wartime race management and seeks to develop a broader understanding of how government regulates social differences in war....[Kryder] provides an insightful and unique analysis of this period. Highly recommended for academic libraries." Library Journal
"In Divided Arsenal, the political scientist Daniel Kryder has made an outstanding contribution to analysis of both the US federal government and African American politics. In his highly original and meticulously researched study, Kryder employs archival material to demonstrate how the US federal government was required, by the demands of wartime mobilization, to address the position of African Americans and how sharply the resultant policies were shaped by the US's racial injustices. For scholars and students of twentieth century American history and African American politics Divided Arsenal will become required reading. I recommend this book highly." Desmond King, University of Oxford
"...impressive new book...[The author of] Divided Arsenal clearly establish that significant racial progress occurs in spite of - not because of - white morality and that white leaders pursue racial justice primarily out of racial self-interest." Black Issues Book Reviews
"Divided Arsenal is a commendable piece of scholarship that certainly delivers some new insights into wartime racial tensions and the policies that were crafted to defuse potentially (and sometimes literally) explosive interracial violence.... I strongly recommend the book to anyone interested in the origins of race-specific policy (both civilian and military), the operation of wartime labor markets, or the remarkable political balancing act of the Roosevelt Administration." Journal of Economics
"An intriguing alternative survey of why reforms were so limited." The Midwest Book Review
"Divided Arsenal is a well-researched, thoughtfully constructed study and a valuable addition to the literature on African Americans' struggles to achieve equality in the twentieth century." The Journal of Military History
"...Kryder's extensive research adds to a growing list of state studies analyzing the war's effect on New Deal liberalism. By focusing on Roosevelt's race management style, the author also gives new insight into both the complexity of the New Deal president and the evolution of race management policies during the 20th century.... Dividen Arsenal provides perhaps the most sophisticated and clear analysis of Roosevelt's race management style to date." Charles D. Chamberlain, Labor History
"Divided Arsenal is a compelling and important analysis of American racial manpower policy in World War II. It advances significantly our understanding of American race relations in this critical period and, more broadly, of the interrelationship among war, the state, and social movements." American Political Science Review
"This study contributes much to our understanding of the politics of race management during World War II. Kryder has illuminated many dark corners of racial policy formation, revealing the ulterior motives of wartime policy makers who often used African Americans as pawns and were more interested in demands of war mobilization than in racial justice." American Historical Review

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