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Distorted Probabilities and Choice under Risk - Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 363 (Paperback)
  • Distorted Probabilities and Choice under Risk - Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 363 (Paperback)
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Distorted Probabilities and Choice under Risk - Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 363 (Paperback)

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£52.99
Paperback 100 Pages / Published: 10/07/1991
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During the development of modern probability theory in the 17th cen- tury it was commonly held that the attractiveness of a gamble offering the payoffs :1:17 *** ,:l: with probabilities Pl, . . . , Pn is given by its expected n value L:~ :l:iPi. Accordingly, the decision problem of choosing among different such gambles - which will be called prospects or lotteries in the sequel-was thought to be solved by maximizing the corresponding expected values. The famous St. Petersburg paradox posed by Nicholas Bernoulli in 1728, however, conclusively demonstrated the fact that individuals l consider more than just the expected value. The resolution of the St. Petersburg paradox was proposed independently by Gabriel Cramer and Nicholas's cousin Daniel Bernoulli [BERNOULLI 1738/1954]. Their argument was that in a gamble with payoffs :l:i the decisive factors are not the payoffs themselves but their subjective values u( :l:i)' According to this argument gambles are evaluated on the basis of the expression L:~ U(Xi)pi. This hypothesis -with a somewhat different interpretation of the function u - has been given a solid axiomatic foundation in 1944 by v. Neumann and Morgenstern and is now known as the expected utility hypothesis. The resulting model has served for a long time as the preeminent theory of choice under risk, especially in its economic applications.

Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN: 9783540542476
Number of pages: 100
Weight: 390 g
Dimensions: 242 x 170 x 6 mm
Edition: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 199

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