Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845 (Hardback)
  • Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845 (Hardback)
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Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845 (Hardback)

(author)
£182.50
Hardback 412 Pages / Published: 17/07/2003
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Asis book traces the growth of customs and excise, and their integral role in shaping the framework of industrial England; including state power, technical advance, and the evolution of a consumer society. Central to this structure was the development of two economies - one legal and one illicit. If there was a unique English pathway of industrialization, it was less a distinct entrepreneurial and techno-centric culture, than one predominantly defined within an institutional framework spearheaded by the excise and a wall of tariffs. This process reached its peak by the end of the 1770s. The structure then quickly started to crumble under the weight of the fiscal-military state, and Pitt's calculated policy of concentrating industrial policy around cotton, potteries, and iron - at the expense of other taxed industries. The breakthrough of the new political economy was the erosion of the illicit economy; the smugglers' free trade now became the state's most powerful weapon in the war against non-legal trade. If at the beginning of the period covered by this book state administration was predominantly deregulated and industry regulated, by the close the reverse was the case.

Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199259212
Number of pages: 412
Weight: 770 g
Dimensions: 242 x 164 x 26 mm

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