Computers Inc.: Japan's Challenge to I. B. M. - East Asian Monograph (Hardback)Marie Anchordoguy (author)
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This account of efforts to build a domestic Japanese computer industry is enlivened with quotations from industrial leaders commenting on the stages through which Japan has emerged as a world-class competitor.
In the late 1950s, Japan was still relying on IBM and other foreign suppliers. After the decision to enter the computer field, the government used protectionism, financial aid, and cooperative R&D projects to assist firms in developing hardware and improving their technology. The establishment of a quasi-public computer rental company to carry the burden of financing rentals played a key role in helping fledgling firms compete with IBM.
Anchordoguy shows how government intervention in the market avoided the risks of technological sluggishness by encouraging keen competition among domestic computer firms. She traces the growth of Japanese computer hardware to Japan's position as an exporter of mainframes and describes some of the problems encountered in producing software. This study provides a clear example of the way in which government-industry cooperation has enhanced Japan's position in the world market.
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Number of pages: 300
Weight: 575 g
Dimensions: 250 x 200 x 27 mm
Her assiduous collection of data and skillful weaving it into
a story is a formidable feat for a young scholar. She has dug
deeper than other Westerners to understand how the Japanese succeeded in computers.
This book deserves the closest reading not just by Japan specialists but particularly by students of modern capitalism
and those responsible for Japanese-American relations. Contrary to many economic theorists who contend that industrial policy never works, Marie Anchordoguy shows how the
Japanese Government deliberately nurtured several Japanese
national competitors to IBM computers as part of a Japanese
strategic policy. This is brilliant social science.
Computers, Inc. represents a triumph of primary research
and analysis. It demonstrates conclusively the coordinated
nature of public-private industrial policy in postwar Japan.
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