This is an examination of how traditional commons management systems were maintained, altered, or abandoned in the modern period, and the complex interaction between local customary regulations and national law. This volume explores the modern history of common land in northern England between c.1800 and 1965; looking at the governance and management of these culturally important landscapes from two complementary perspectives - national policy and local practice. Part One of the book looks at changing attitudes towards common lands and upland landscapes: the shift from parliamentary enclosure to preservation in the nineteenth century; the rise of non-agrarian interests in common land in the twentieth century, including conservation, rural preservation and access lobbies; and, the desire to solve 'the problem of common land' in the decades after the Second World War.Part Two of the book turns to the local sphere, exploring commons management and governance in Cumbria - an area still dominated by common land.
The author looks at how traditional management institutions were maintained, altered or abandoned in the modern period, and at how new institutions were created in the wake of the manor courts' collapse. The book concludes with the suggestion that themes of 'improvement' and control persist throughout the period 1800-1965, together with ambivalence over the role of the commoner in the modern period, and a complex interaction between local customary regulations and national law.
Publisher: The Edwin Mellen Press Ltd