Classical Greek Oligarchy: A Political History (Paperback)Matthew Simonton (author)
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Classical Greek Oligarchy thoroughly reassesses an important but neglected form of ancient Greek government, the "rule of the few." Matthew Simonton challenges scholarly orthodoxy by showing that oligarchy was not the default mode of politics from time immemorial, but instead emerged alongside, and in reaction to, democracy. He establishes for the first time how oligarchies maintained power in the face of potential citizen resistance. The book argues that oligarchs designed distinctive political institutions-such as intra-oligarchic power sharing, targeted repression, and rewards for informants-to prevent collective action among the majority population while sustaining cooperation within their own ranks.
To clarify the workings of oligarchic institutions, Simonton draws on recent social science research on authoritarianism. Like modern authoritarian regimes, ancient Greek oligarchies had to balance coercion with co-optation in order to keep their subjects disorganized and powerless. The book investigates topics such as control of public space, the manipulation of information, and the establishment of patron-client relations, frequently citing parallels with contemporary nondemocratic regimes. Simonton also traces changes over time in antiquity, revealing the processes through which oligarchy lost the ideological battle with democracy for legitimacy.
Classical Greek Oligarchy represents a major new development in the study of ancient politics. It fills a longstanding gap in our knowledge of nondemocratic government while greatly improving our understanding of forms of power that continue to affect us today.
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Number of pages: 376
Dimensions: 235 x 156 mm
"[A] fascinating and insightful book."---Ganesh Sitaraman, Guardian
"Stimulating and thought-provoking. . . . I would happily recommend this book to scholars of Classical history and politics."---Daniel B. Unruh, Classical Review
"A densely argued and challenging book. . . . All serious students of ancient political history will need to engage with it."---Philip Harding, Phoenix Journal
"Highly recommended." * Choice *
"A valuable exploration of the means by which Greek oligarchic regimes sought to maintain themselves in power."---P. J. Rhodes, Sehepunkte
"An important and pioneering book."---Alex Gottesman, Classical World
"Meticulous, accessible, and insightful, Simonton presents a fresh and much-needed account of oligarchy and how it worked during antiquity. . . . Classical Greek Oligarchy is a masterful book."---Lee Trepanier, voegelview.com
"Remarkable and innovative. . . . This book is a major contribution to the political history of the classical antiquity and to classical scholarship at large. There is no doubt it will soon become a must-read for all students of ancient Greek history and ancient Greek political thought . . . [and] will most likely prove engaging far beyond the field of classical scholarship."---Marek Wecowski, Ancient History Bulletin
"Well-researched, clearly written, and vigorously argued."---Greg Anderson, American Historical Review