Antonio Vieira was a Jesuit born in Lisbon in 1608 who lived and worked in both Europe and Brazil in the service of the church and the Portuguese crown. His sermons are among the most renowned pieces of baroque oratory in the Portuguese language. This volume translates six of them into English, fully annotated, for the first time. Viera was an outspoken critic of both religious and political practices and institutions. He defended the Brazilian Indians from the abuses of colonists, the New Christians from the persecution of the Inquisition, and the poor and vulnerable in general from the oppression of the powerful. He was both a man of words and a man of action, a prolific writer and a tireless diplomat. These texts offer insight into Vieira's visionary thought on social and spiritual matters. In the Sermon for the Success of Portuguese Arms against the Dutch, Vieira inveighs against God for His apparent abandonment of the Portuguese and begs for divine intervention. His Sermon of St. Anthony is an allegory that addresses the inequities that he witnessed in Brazil. The Sexagesima Sermon parodies literary cliches from his time while prescribing a more effective, if harsher, style of preaching. The Sermon of the Good Thief is a rebuke to the imperial officials who used their positions for personal enrichment and a warning to kings against complicity with corruption. Vieira's Sermon XXVII addresses African slaves and their Brazilian masters, attempting to comfort the first group in their trials and to admonish the second for their brutality. Finally, the Sermon Arm tells the story of the relic of Francis Xavier's arm sent from India to Italy in 1614, and pays tribute to the obedience of Viera's Jesuit predecessor.
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Number of pages: 256
Weight: 480 g
Dimensions: 243 x 165 x 23 mm
"Missionary, diplomat, theologian, pulpit preacher, social critic, political strategist, and one of the finest writers of the Portuguese language, the Jesuit Ant nio Vieira was a remarkable figure of the Baroque age whose life has remained relatively unknown to English-speaking readers. This excellent edition and translation of his sermons finally gives them access to Vieira's talents and thought, and helps to restore him to the prominence he deserves."--Stuart Schwartz, George Burton Adams Professor of History and Chair of the Council on Latin American and Iberian Studies, Yale University
"The reader will find here six of Ant nio Vieira's sermons, most available in English for the first time. Brilliantly translated and contextualized, the sermons reflect the ways a leading Jesuit grappled with the bewildering forces of globalization, commerce, slavery, and morality, forces the Jesuits themselves unleashed. How to find providential meaning in a Portuguese global empire built on the backs of both slaves and Jesuit missionaries? How to have providential certainty in a world bedeviled by greed, growing religious apathy, and geopolitical uncertainty? How to be a prophet in a new, yet weakened Braganza-led Israel? Out of hundreds of possible sermons, the authors have masterfully picked a handful to illuminate a complex, deeply contradictory world of faith and violence."--Jorge Ca izares-Esguerra, Alice Drysdale Sheffield Professor of History, University of Texas at Austin
"Ant nio Vieira is a major religious, cultural, and political figure in the early modern world, little known outside the field of Iberian history. This outstanding translation of selected sermons will contribute to integrate his thought in the long-term complex analysis of colonialism, slavery, racism, and national assertion."--Francisco Bethencourt, author of Racisms from the Crusades to the Twentieth Century
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