Visit our Christmas Gift Finder
Click & Collect from 2 Hours
Last Christmas Delivery Dates
Free UK Standard Delivery on orders £20 and over Order in time for Christmas 18th December 2nd Class | 19th December 1st Class Free Click & Collect to shops From 2 hours of your order*
Africa's Transport Infrastructure: Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management (Paperback)
  • Africa's Transport Infrastructure: Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management (Paperback)
zoom

Africa's Transport Infrastructure: Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management (Paperback)

(author)
£29.50
Paperback 440 Pages / Published: 30/03/2011
  • We can order this

Usually dispatched within 3 weeks

  • This item has been added to your basket
This book presents and analyzes the results of a comprehensive collection of data on the extent and condition of transport infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa, identifies the reasons for poor performance, and estimates future financing needs. The transport facilities of Sub-Saharan Africa were built primarily for the colonial exploitation of mineral and agricultural resources. The chief goal of road and rail networks was to link mines, plantations, and other sites for the exploitation and transformation on natural resources to ports, rather than to provide general connectivity within the region. The road network of 1.75 million kilometers exhibits a low density with respect to population. Its average spatial density is very low by world standards. The network carries low average traffic levels. Even so, because most African countries have a low GDP, the fiscal burden of the network is the highest among world regions, maintenance is underfinanced, and road conditions are on average poor, while road accident rates are very high. Attempts to improve the financing of maintenance through "second generation road funds" have met with some success, but there remain serious weaknesses in implementation. Road freight transport is fragmented, but cartelized, with high rates and high profits. Railways were also built mainly as for the exportation of minerals and crops. With the exception of two or three very specialized bulk mineral lines, the traffic volumes are low, and the railways have been in financial decline since the 1960s. Concessioning of the lines to private operators has improved performance, but governments often impose unachievable requirements on the companies, and investment remains inadequate for long-term sustainability. Most of the 260 airports that provide year-round commercial service in Sub-Saharan Africa have adequate runway capacity, though some of the larger airports suffer from a shortage of terminal capacity. More than a quarter of the runways are in marginal or poor condition, and air traffic control and navigation facilities are below international standards. Though airport charges are high, few airports are truly financially sustainable. Three national carriers are quite successful, but most are small and barely sustainable. Protection persists in the domestic and intercontinental markets, but the international market in the region has been effectively liberalized. The safety record is poor. Most ports are small by international standards. Many are still publicly owned and suffer from inadequate equipment and poor productivity. Only a few highly specialized ports, including private ports integrated with the extraction companies, meet the highest international standards Costs and charges are high. But there is a trend toward concessioning of facilities to large groups specializing in international container terminals and port operations. Fortunately the shipping market is now deregulated. Urban transport suffers from some infrastructure deficiencies, particularly in the condition of urban roads. But the main problems of the sector are associated with the fragmented and poorly regulated nature of most urban bus markets. Finance for large buses is very difficult to obtain. In all modes the situation is made worse by failures of governance in both the provision and regulation of infrastructure.

Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821384565
Number of pages: 440
Weight: 759 g
Dimensions: 229 x 152 x 29 mm

You may also be interested in...

The Union-Castle Line
Added to basket
Black Country Canals
Added to basket
Ipswich Tramways
Added to basket
£18.95
Hardback
Birmingham Transport
Added to basket
British Airways
Added to basket
£18.99
Paperback
Lost Railways of East Anglia
Added to basket
Down To The Sea In Ships
Added to basket
£9.99   £7.99
Paperback
Civil Aircraft Recognition
Added to basket
Gatwick Airport
Added to basket
£14.99
Paperback
Deep Sea and Foreign Going
Added to basket
Liverpool St. to Ilford
Added to basket
£18.95
Mixed media product
Walsall Routes
Added to basket
£18.95
Hardback
Dangerous Days on the Victorian Railways
Added to basket
A Spark on Salford Docks
Added to basket

Reviews

Please sign in to write a review

Your review has been submitted successfully.