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As telecommunications operators and network engineers understand, specific operational requirements drive early network architectural and design decisions for 4G networks. But they also know that because technology, standards, usage practices, and regulatory regimes change on a continuous basis, so do best practices. 4G: Deployment Strategies and Operational Implications helps you stay up to date by providing the latest innovative and strategic thinking on 4G and LTE deployments. It evaluates specific design and deployment options in depth and offers roadmap evolution strategies for LTE network business development. Fortunately, as you ll discover in this book, LTE is a robust and flexible standard for 4G communications. Operators developing 4G deployment strategies have many options, but they must consider the tradeoffs among them in order to maximize the return on investment for LTE networks. This book will show operators how to develop detailed but flexible deployment road maps incorporating business requirements while allowing the agility that expected and unexpected network evolution require. Such road maps help you avoid costly redeployment while leveraging profitable traffic. Telecommunications experts and authors Trichy Venkataraman Krishnamurthy and Rajaneesh Shetty examine various architectural options provided by the flexibility of LTE and their effect on the general current and future capability of the designed network. They examine specific features of the network, while covering specific architectural deployment strategies through example and then assessing their implications on both near- and long-term operations as well as potential evolutionary paths. Besides helping you understand and communicate network upgrade and architectural evolution road maps (with options), you will learn: How to plan for accessibility, retainability, integrity, availability, and mobilityHow to balance loads effectivelyHow to manage the constraints arising from regulation and standardizationHow to manage the many disruptive factors affecting LTE networks 4G: Deployment Strategies and Operational Implications also outlines specific network strategies, which network features and deployment strategies support those strategies, and the trade-offs in business models depending on the strategies chosen. Best of all you will learn a process for proactive management of network road map evolution, ensuring that your network and your skills remain robust and relevant as the telecommunications landscape changes. What you'll learn The relationships between network options, deployment strategies, network strategies, network road maps and operator business models.The process of developing and evolving strategies and roadmaps with a targeted operational model in mind.Ways to ensure maximum deployment flexibility to respond to changes in the operational model which might be forced by changing market conditions, usage models, or technological developmentsHow to overcome 4G deployment challenges including equipment failure, spectrum interference, regulatory delays, and moreHow to ensure network resilience Who this book is for This book targets architectural, engineering and operational executives in the operator community as well as the network development contractors they employ to analyze, propose, design and in some cases operate their networks. Table of Contents 1. Network Planning 1.1. Generic deployment approach1.1.1. Site planning1.1.2. Link level budgeting1.1.3. Capacity planning1.1.4. Coverage planning1.1.5. Generic tools and steps1.1.6. Models for planning1.1.7. Need for Drive tests and minimization1.2. LTE system level deployment aspects1.2.1. LTE Bands1.2.2. Bandwidth options1.2.3. TDD vs FDD1.2.4. Interference management1.2.5. MIMO1.2.6. UE capabilities1.2.7. Cell sizes: Femto vs Micro vs Macro etc1.2.8. Deployment options with Core Network Elements1.3. LTE features for deployment1.3.1. SON features brief1.3.2. ANR, REM/Sniffing1.4. Network type for operator1.4.1. greenfield LTE NW1.4.2. LTE + 3G1.4.3. interworking with other RATs1.5. QoS services and deployment options1.5.1. voice1.5.2. data1.5.3. user profiles1.6. LTE RF planning1.7. LTE KPI DEFINITIONS1.7.1. KPI CATEGORY "ACCESSIBILITY"1.7.2. KPI CATEGORY " RETAINABILITY"1.7.3. KPI CATEGORY " INTEGRITY"1.7.4. KPI CATEGORY "AVAILABILITY"1.7.5. KPI CATEGORY "MOBILITY" 2. SON and the LTE deployment vision 2.1. Goals and use cases for SON2.1.1. Architecture2.1.2. Vision2.1.3. Actual deployments meeting requirements2.2. SON concepts2.2.1. Centralized SON2.2.2. Distributed SON2.3. SON and self configuration2.3.1. Automatic e-NODEB setup2.3.2. PCID allocation2.3.3. Automatic neighbor Relation (ANR)2.4. SON and self optimization2.4.1. Fractional frequency reuse (ICIC)2.4.2. RACH Optimization Concepts2.4.3. Mobility Robustness Optimization techniques2.4.4. Load Balancing2.5. SON and self healing2.6. SON and the ePC2.7.SON and help in minimizing Drive testing requirements 3. Deployment Challenges in Evolving 4G 3.1. Technology challenges3.1.1. LTE specific problems3.1.2. Interference and Spectrum Harmonization3.1.3. voLTE implementation3.1.4. Multi-vendor Interoperability3.1.5. Backhaul related3.1.6. Equipment issues3.2. UE maturity3.3. Feature availability3.4. Standardization delays3.4.1. Patent costs3.5. Business challenges3.5.1. Investment issues3.5.2. ROI period3.5.3. Changing market place3.6. Changing face of high-speed wireless3.7. Current Traffic Profiles evolution (growth of video bandwidth)3.8. Future Traffic Profiles evolution (emergence and growth of the Internet of Things (IoT))3.8.1. Implications of IoT3.8.2. Architectural Options3.8.3. Network Strategies3.8.4. Deployment Strategies3.8.5. Proactive Network Evolution 4. Network Roadmaps 4.1. What is a technology roadmap?4.1.1. Understand need for a Roadmap4.1.2. Formulation of a Technology Roadmap4.1.3. High fidelity near view4.1.4. Medium Fidelity medium view4.1.5. High level, fuzzy abstract long view4.2. What is a network roadmap?4.2.1. Network Options4.2.2. Deployment Options4.2.3. Usage Models4.2.4. What influences network roadmap planning?4.3. Key stakeholders for Roadmap inputs4.3.1. Business4.3.2. Customers4.3.3. Field issues 4.4. Known Factors4.4.1. Technology4.4.2. Usage4.4.3. Financial4.4.4. Geopolitical/Regulatory/Standards4.5. Disruptive (Risk) Factors4.5.1. Disasters (e.g. Fukushima)4.5.2. Attacks (Cyber and Conventional) 5. Network Roadmap Evolution 5.1. Planned evolution5.1.1. Network Resilience5.1.2. Reactive evolution to sudden changes5.1.3. Anticipation of changes in Industry or domain5.1.4. Future goals and services from business / organization perspective5.2. Organizational Factors5.2.1. Response Team In Place5.2.2. Service Continuity Planning5.2.3. Business Continuity Planning5.3. Cultural encouragement to embrace futuristic and even fantastic scenarios5.4. Roadmap Mutability5.5. Roadmap Agility 6. A Process for Network Roadmaps Evolution 6.1. Process Outline6.1.1. Initial Roadmap18.104.22.168. Periodic, planned revisions to the network Roadmap22.214.171.124. Early Awareness and Action on Disruptive Factors6.1.2. Triggers or events for Roadmaps evolution or change6.1.3. Propagation of Roadmap changes through Organization / ecosystem6.1.4. Need for engagement of partners, peers, customers in Roadmap evolution6.1.5. Planning for Disruptive Factors126.96.36.199. Known Unknowns188.8.131.52. Unknown Unknowns6.1.6. Agile response184.108.40.206. Roadmap evolution as a competitive advantage"
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