Italian playwright Carlo Gozzi (1720-1806) is best-known for his plays that have been adapted into opera librettos. Puccini's final opera, "Turandot", was based on a play by Gozzi. Prokofiev's "The Love of Three Oranges" is based on a Gozzi play. Richard Wagner's first opera, "Die Feen", is based on Gozzi's "La Donna Serpente". Mozart's "The Magic Flute" contains many elements that are similar to Gozzi's plays. This is a biography of Carlo Gozzi. He is well-known for reviving commedia dell'arte, an ancient form of Italian improvisational theatre that had fallen out of favour before his time.
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